What Is Swing Failure Pattern

What Is Swing Failure Pattern?

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What Is Swing Failure Pattern?

When you first start out in the trading industry, one of the most crucial things you can learn is how to develop a winning trading strategy. Understanding and reacting to market signs before others, on the other hand, is equally important to success.

An early trend reversal can be identified with the help of a swing failure pattern, which is a dependable technical trend indicator that traders can utilise to develop a winning trading strategy. In technical analysis, a swing failure pattern (SFP) is a trend reversal indication that can be used to detect a weakness in the current trend and identify early signals of a reversal in the direction of the trend.

Please read on to understand more about swing failure pattern trading and its significance in the forex market in this blog post.

Swing Failure Pattern (SFP)

Swing Failure Pattern (SFP)

SWING FAILURE PATTERN (abbreviated SFP): Swing Failure Pattern is a form of reversal pattern in which (swing) traders aim stop-losses above or below a critical swing low or high in order to drive the price in the opposite direction by generating enough liquidity.

An uptrend is characterised by a series of higher highs and lower lows that are followed by a period in which the price fails to reach a new high or a period in which the price fails to reach a new low. This is a symptom of a shift in the pattern of events.

In order for the pattern to be completed, the trendline must break through either the previous high in a downtrend or the previous low in an upward trend. Failure swings are used by traders to help them plan their entry and exit strategies. A failure swing occurs during an upswing, and a failure swing occurs during a downtrend, and traders take a short position during a failure swing.

Experienced traders time their entry to coincide with the formation of the second high before the failure swings the market back into the negative territory. When a failed swing pattern occurs, it serves as an early warning that a trend is reversing. Being able to spot it at an early stage will give you a leg up on arranging a trade-off that will be beneficial to your overall portfolio performance.

RSI failure swing is an excellent example for learning about the SFP approach through trial & error. The RSI failure swing, which was first introduced by J. Welles Wilder in the 1970s, aids in determining the shift in price action as well as its momentum.

Relative strength index separation happens when the price and the indicator diverge from one another, indicating that the trend is losing momentum. When an RSI failure swing occurs, the same scenario happens, with proof of a trend change occurring on a breach of the indicator’s fail point on the next day. Waiting for a failed swing to appear on the charts can be a good strategy for executing more verified trades.

An example of a failed swing is a time when the price line and the RSI line diverge from each other in the same direction. It implies a decrease in the current level of strength, which is particularly noticeable when the market is overpriced or oversold.

An uptrend occurs when the market reaches its greatest potential level or the overbought limit before descending. It then rises to a new high but fails to surpass the previous high, causing the trendline to take on the shape of a ‘M’. Here’s where the failure swing occurs: at the point when the failure swing occurs. It is possible that the current upswing is weakening because it has failed to reach a higher high in the case of an uptrend. A similar phenomenon occurs in a bearish market, where the inverse is true. It is the second peak that fails to reach the lowest low in the overselling region, instead choosing to climb.

In the financial realm, traders employ a variety of various sorts of failure swing patterns to their advantage. Failure swings are available in M- and W-shaped configurations, as well as failure swing top, non-failure swing, failure swing bottom, and non-failure swing bottom, among other variations.

Swing Failure Pattern Trading

Swing Failure Pattern Trading

As a general rule, traders execute trades in the direction of the trend; but, they also keep an eye out for any early indicators of trend reversals in order to avoid being caught on the wrong side of the trend. It is vital to recognise the swing failure pattern because it shows when the current market trend begins to wane and a new trend begins to emerge, which is an important indicator of a trend reversal.

A swing failure occurs when the current price trend fails to reach a new high in an uptrend or meet the lowest low in a downtrend at the end of the current period. A pattern like this might assist traders in determining when they should enter or quit the market. They typically enter in a decline and depart in an uptrend, i.e., they are going against the current market trend.

As a result, the swing failure pattern trading method aids in the identification and utilisation of early trend reversal signals. In other words, traders enter a short position when a swing failure occurs in an uptrend and exit the position when the trend reverses.

It is decided that they would enter when the second peak is formed prior to the occurrence of swing failure in a down trending market. The failure of a swing pattern signals the beginning of a trend reversal. Knowing when it is happening and being able to recognize it early on can help you plan your trade-off and benefit your portfolio.

What Is a Swing Failure Pattern?

A Swing Failure Pattern (SFP) is a type of reversal pattern in which a trader targets a stop-loss at a point below a swing high or above a swing low in an attempt to push the price in the opposite direction by creating the necessary liquidity. Swing Failure Patterns are common in the financial markets.

The use of a swing trading pattern can aid in the identification of high-quality trading opportunities. Welles Wilder Jr. was the first to present the notion of SFP in his book on technical trading analysis, which was published in 1957.

With the relative strength index, it can be used to identify a solid trend reversal. When the market is on an uptrend, there are higher highs and lower lows, but there comes a point when the price is unable to reach a new all-time high.

In a similar vein, during a downturn, the price may fail to reach a new bottom on occasion. These are the symptoms of a shift in the pattern.

To complete a pattern, the trendline must break through either the previous low in an uptrend or the previous high in a downtrend, depending on the situation. Swing failure on the relative strength index (RSI) is a wonderful technique to gain an understanding of the SFP trading method.

The relative strength index (RSI) is a technical indicator that shows an asset’s past and current holdings in relation to the current closing price. An example of a failure swing pattern is one in which the price line and the RSI line diverge from one another.

It is a sign of falling momentum, which is particularly evident when the market is in an oversold or overbought situation. The failure point is defined as the moment at which the RSI line falls below the most recent swing low in a given period of time. A pattern of this nature generates a sell signal.

The RSI is considered to be in the positive territory when it is above the lowest low point of the current trend, on the other hand. Swing failure is widely recognized as a powerful indicator of a reversal that may be utilized to make trading choices on its own.

Examine the following example, which is broken down into steps:

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Examples

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Examples

It is possible to observe in the figure above that swing lows and highs were generated until an attempted swing high failed to push high enough, which was designated as the failed swing high.

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Examples

Following that, we wait until the swing low that was formed before the swing failure pattern is validated through price action before proceeding. This occurred, and the entry was considered legitimate.

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Examples

After you’ve entered the trade, you can concentrate on any method of profiting from it, but I prefer to use market structures as targets.

On the left, you can see the market structure low, which corresponded to the point at which the take profit target was achieved.

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Example Using RSI

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Example Using RSI

The RSI has been placed on the same example to demonstrate how the RSI may be used as a confirmation bias for a swing failure pattern.

As you can see, the failed swing high formed when the RSI was dropping, providing a clear indication that the market was about to reverse course.

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Example Using RSI

With the confirmation from the RSI in place, the entrance of the break on the swing low before to the failure pattern gains more credibility.

Swing Failure Pattern Trading Example Using RSI

You could use the Relative Strength Index (RSI) to determine an exit opportunity, but I believe it is always preferable to use market structures.

Can you see how simple they are, yet how effective they are?

Bullish Swing Failure Pattern

Bullish Swing Failure Pattern

Failure swings can be seen in a variety of indicators, including the MACD, the Stochastic Oscillator, and the RSI. A failure swing occurs when the indicator is in the oversold or overbought areas, and it signals that the present trend is deteriorating and that there is a possibility of a reversal in the near future.

Bullish swing failure patterns form when the indicator rises to its overbought level or the extreme upper point and then falls, only to rise once more towards the highest point, forming a bullish swing failure pattern.

However, it is unable to reach that level and returns to its original pattern of a ‘M’. A failure to make a higher high is referred to as a swing failure, and it is an indication that the bullish trend is on the verge of coming to an end and that it could reverse at any time.

Bearish Swing Failure Pattern

Indicators that go to the oversold level or their extreme lower point and then climb only to return to their lowest point are considered bearish swing failure patterns. But it fails to hit the previous bottom and rises once again, forming a “W” pattern in the process.

An inability to surpass the previous low level is referred to as a swing failure, and it indicates that the negative trend is losing momentum, and the trader may consider taking a long position in the market.

Swing failure patterns include W-shaped failures, M-shaped failures, Failure Swing Top failures, and Non-Failure Swing Top failures.

Understanding these swing failure patterns, as well as the usual technical indicators, can assist in making the appropriate entrance and exit decisions at the appropriate times in the financial landscape.

Failure Swing Top – When the price rises and the RSI fails to rise, falling below the fail point, it is an indication that a short position is being established.

Non-Failure Swing Top – When the price falls and the RSI fails to fall further, rising above the fail threshold, it suggests that a long position is being taken.

Failure Swing Bottom and Non-Failure Swing Bottom are two similar circumstances that occur in a bearish market and are referred to as Failure Swing Bottom and Non-Failure Swing Bottom, respectively.


Even though it is not always correct, the swing failure pattern is a straightforward and effective method of identifying the weakness in a trend and the possibility of a trend reversal in the market.

Traders can utilize this pattern to identify entry and exit signals and to develop a forex trading strategy that will allow them to make more money in the market.



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